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考前必看!歷年高考英語“一詞多義”重點詞匯

2020-07-07

高中英語需要記憶的詞匯較多,同學們記憶也比較困難,其中還有一些單詞一詞多義,答題時容易產生誤差,為此,騰大君精心整理了高中英語必考的一詞多義詞匯和例句,方便大家重點記憶!

考前必看!歷年高考英語“一詞多義”重點詞匯


A

1.accident:

① 事故(n.) I saw an accident when I walked in the street.

② 意外、偶然的事(n.) (accidentally)

2.appear:

① 出現 (vi) A ship appeared on the horizon. (disappear消失)

② 好像, 似乎(vi) She appears to have many friends.

3.apply:

① 申請(for)(vi) Mr.Wang decided to apply for the job.

② 運用、應用 (to)(vt.) Our teacher applies this teaching method to his class.

4.arm 手臂 (n.) 武裝 (v)

Lay down your arms or we'll fire!放下武器,否則,我們就開槍了!

Police say the man is armed with guns and very dangerous. 警察說該男子攜有槍,十分危險。

5.area:

① 地區(n.) Do you like the area where you are living?

② 面積(n.) The city covers an area of 30,000 square kilometer.

6.ask (熟義:問)vt.要求

The teacher asked that all the students stay at the classroom. 老師要求所有學生呆在教室

7.attend (熟義:出席) vt.參加;vi.看護,治療

Mr.Park attended a summer course.帕克先生參加一個暑期課程。

If you go out,who'll attend to the baby?如果你走了,誰來照看嬰兒?

B

1.break:

① 打破、打碎(vt.) The boy broke the windows of the house.

② 休息 (n.) We have been working all the morning,let`s have a break.

2.bill:

① 帳單(n.) Have you paid the bill?

② 鈔票(n.) a ten-dollar bill

3. book (釋義:書) v. 預定,預購

I would like to book three seats for tonight’s concert. 我想預定今晚音樂會的三個座位。

4.beat (熟義:擊打) v. ① (心臟) 跳動

He is alive---his heart is still beating. 他還活著---心臟還在跳動。

② 打敗 He beat me at chess. 他下棋贏了我。

C

1.can (熟義:能) n.罐頭vt.做成罐頭

2.capital (熟義:首都) n. 大寫字母;資本

Write your name in block capitals, please. 姓名請用大寫。

3.change (熟義:變化) n. 零錢,找頭

Have you got change for a five-pound note? 你有沒有5英鎊的零錢?

4.charge:

① 負責(n.) The young man is in charge of the company.

② 充電(vt.) My cellphone is fully charged.

③ 收取(費用)(vt.) How much do you charge me for mending shoes?

④ 指控(vt.) He was charged with murder.

5.cost (熟義:花費;值……)vt.使失去(生命、健康等)

Careless driving cost his life. 粗心的駕駛使他付出生命的代價。

6.course (熟義:過程) n. 課程;航線;一道菜

I’d like to take a refresher course to improve my driving. 我想參加補習訓練以提高自己的駕駛技術。

The plane was off the course.飛機偏離航向。

They were treated with a five-course dinner for lunch. 招待他們五道菜的正餐。

7.court:

① 法庭、宮廷(n.)

② 庭院,球場(n.)

8.concerned: (adj.)

①擔心的、憂慮的 be concerned about :We are all concerned about her safety.

② 與……有關 be concerned with: Her lastest film is concerned with wild life

9.comfort:

① (使)舒適(服)(vt.) Cool water can comfort you in summer.

② 安慰(vt.) The mother was comforting the crying boy.

③ 安慰(n.) It is a comfort to know that she is safe.

10.company

① 公司(n.) He worked in the company last year.

② 友伴、陪伴(n.) keep sb company I will stay here and keep you company.

11.cause:

① 造成、引起、產生(vt.) Smoking can cause lung cancer.

② 原因(n.) What`s the cause of the big fire?

12.close:

① 關 (vt.) Close the door when you leave the room.

② 靠近的(adj.)The church is close to our school.

③ 親密的、親近的(adj.)a close friend

④ 位置接近地(adv.) The girl felt very cold,so she stood close to her mother.

13.cover:

① 覆蓋、掩護(vt.) She covered the table with a cloth.

② 蓋子、封面(n.) Please pass me the book with a red cover.

14.check:

① 核查(vt.) Let me check your answer.

② 支票(n.)I will ask the boss for the check.

15.count [熟義:數(數目)] vi.重要;vt.認為

Every minute counts.每分每秒都重要。

D

1.date (熟義:日期;棗子) v. 追溯 ;約會

The ancient temple has a long history and can date back to the year 1890AD.

They have been dating for a long time. 他們一直頻頻約會

2.dear(熟義:親愛的) 昂貴的

Clothes are getting dearer.衣服越來越貴了

3.desert (熟義:沙漠) vt.離開,拋棄

We sheltered from the storm in a deserted garage. 我們在一間空無人住的茅屋里躲暴風雨。

4.develop:

① 發展(vt.)

② 沖洗(vt.)(相片)

③養成(vt.)(習慣)

5.deliver(vt.):

① 遞送(vt.) The postman delivered the letter to my door.

② 發言、陳述、發表(vt.) She delivered a talk on history to the students.

6.drive:

① 駕駛(vt.) I drove a car to visit my parents.

② 驅使、驅趕(vt.) The boy was driven out of the club.

E

1.earth (熟義:地球) n. 泥土

He covered the roots of the plant with earth. 他用泥土把植物的根埋起來。

2.easy (熟義:容易的)adj.舒適的,安分的,輕松的

Now we are leading an easy life.現在我們過著舒適的生活。

3.energy (熟義:能量,能源) n. 精力,活力

His work seemed to lack energy. 他工作似乎缺乏干勁。

4.enjoy (熟義:喜歡) v. 享有

Men and women should enjoy equal rights. 男女應當享有平等權利。

5.expect (熟義:期望,盼望)v.預計,估計

The weather turns out far better than we expected.天氣比我們預料的要好。

F

1.fall (熟義:v. 掉落) n. 秋天;瀑布

His father passed away in the fall of 1970. 他父親在1970年的秋季過世。

The falls upstream are full of salmons. 該瀑布上游有許多大馬哈魚。

2.fan (熟義:n. 扇子) n. 迷 .狂熱者

The Chinese football fans are in great excitement. 中國足球粉絲很激動。

3.fine (熟義:adj.好的,晴朗的)v.&n.罰款

He was fined $200.他被罰了200美元。

4.fair:

① 公平的 (adj.) It is fair to do the bargain.

② 展覽會、集市(n.) a world fair 世界博覽會

5.firm (熟義:n. 公司) adj. 堅定的,牢固的

You must be firm where you think you are right. 你認為對的地方立場一定要堅定。

6.fire (熟義:n. 火) v. 開除

He was fired for stealing from the counter. 他因從柜臺偷錢而遭解雇。

7.flat (熟義:n. 公寓,套房) adj. 平躺的, 平伸的, 扁平的

The earthquake laid the city flat. 地震把這座城市夷為平地。

8.free (熟義:adj. 自由的,有空的) adj & v. 沒有,免交;遠離

Most of the roads are free of snow.道路上的雪大部分都已化了。

9.find:

① 找到、 發現 I can find my key everywhere.

② 感覺、覺得 I find it easy to learn English.

10.fix:

① 固定、安裝(vt.) Fix a shelf to the wall.

② 修理(vt.) My watch has stopped—it needs fixing.

③ 確定(vt.) The time for our meeting has been fixed already.

④ 凝視(vt.) Her eyes were fixed on the nice dress.

11.fit:

① 合適的(adj.) The food is not fit for babies.

② 健康的(adj.) Do some sports to keep fit.

③ 合適,合身(vt.) The shoes fit me well.

12.figure:

① 外型(n.)

② 圖形(n.)

③數字(n.)

④figure out 弄明白;計算出. I can`t figure out why he quit his job.

13.form:

① 表格(n.) Please fill in the form.

② 形式(n.) water in the form of ice

③ 形成(vt.) He forms a good habit.

G

1.gift:

① 禮物(n.) I will buy a gift for my mother on Mothers` Day.

② 天賦(n.) The girl has a gift for music.

2.grade (熟義:n. 年級) n & v. 成績,評分等級;給…評分

She got excellent grades in her exams. 她考試成績優異。

The term papers have been graded. 期末試卷已評完分數了。

3.grow (熟義:v. 生長,成長,種植) v. (體積或數量)增加;變大

You must invest if you want your business to grow. 要想使生意擴大,必須投資。

H

1.head (熟義:頭) v.動身去

The ship was heading for Shanghai.這艘船開往上海。

2.home ( 熟義:家) adj.本國的

The cars are made for the home market.這些小車生產出來在國內銷售。

3.hold:

① 抓住(vt.) The girl was holding her father`s hand. Hold on please.

② 舉行(vt.) A meeting was held last week.

③ 容納(vt.)I don`t think the car will hold you all.

④ 占據(vt.)She holds the post of manager.

I

1.iron (熟義:鐵) n.&v.熨斗;用熨斗燙

Mother is ironing my shirt with an electric iron.媽媽用電熨斗在給我熨襯衣。

2.interest:

①使感興趣(vt.) What he said doesn`t interest me at all.

②興趣 (n.) The little girl shows an interest in singing.

③利益 利息(n.)

J

1.jam (熟義:果醬n)vt./n.(使)塞滿;(使)堵塞,困境

The accident jammed the main road for three hours.這次事故使交通堵塞達三小時之久。

There are many traffic jams in Chongqing.重慶經常塞車。

2.just (熟義:adv. 正好;恰好) adj. 公道的;公正的

That is a just decision. 那是公正的判決。

K

1.key:

① 鑰匙(n.) I can`t find the key to the door.

② 答案(n.) a test with key 附答案的測試題

③ (打字機、鋼琴等的) 鍵(n.)

④ 關鍵、要害(n.) Diet and exercise are the key to good health.

2.kill (熟義:殺) vt.消磨

They played cards to kill time.

L

1.land (熟義:土地) vi.著陸

The plane at last landed safely because of the pilots’ bravery and intelligence.

由于飛行員的勇敢和智慧飛機安全著陸。

2.last:

① 最后、 最近(adv.) He came last in the race.

②最后的,末尾的(adj.)She is the last one to come to the classroom.

③持續(vi) How long do you think this fine weather will last?

3.learn (熟義:學習) v.聽到,獲悉

I learned of that yesterday.我昨天才得知此事。

4.lesson (熟義:課)n.教訓(不悅的經歷)

Pear Harbor was a painful lesson for the US.珍珠港事件對美國來說是一次痛苦的教訓。

5.letter (熟義:信件)n.字母

Fill in your answers in capital letters, not small letters. 答案用大寫字母填寫,不要用小寫字母。

6.leave:

① 離開(vi) He left Beijing for Shanghai.

② 留下(vt.) Some one left this note for you.

③ 把……忘記(vt.) I left my key at the office.

④ 使、讓(vt.) Don`t leave her waiting outside in the rain.

⑤ 假,假期。She asked for leave when her mother was ill.

7.long (熟義:adj. 長) v. 渴望

The children are longing for the holidays. 孩子們盼望放假。

8.lift:

① 舉起(vt.) He can lift the heavy stone.

② 電梯(n.) It`s on the sixth floor---Let`s take the lift.

③ 搭便車(n.) I will give you a lift to the station.

M

1.make (熟義:v. 制造;使) v. 演變成(某事物),結果是

If you train hard, you will make a good footballer. 你要刻苦訓練就能成為優秀的足球運動員。

2.manner (熟義:n. 方式,方法) manners 禮貌

Aren’t you forgetting your manners? 你是不是沒禮貌了?

3.mean (熟義:v. 意味著;打算) adj. 吝嗇的;卑鄙的

He is so mean and selfish that it is very difficult to make friends with him.

4.meet:

① 遇見、遇到(vt.) He met an old friend yesterday.

② 滿足In order to meet the needs of the readers we will reprint the bestseller.

③ (在車站、機場) 接(人)I will meet you at the airport.

5.match:

① 比賽(n.) There will be a basketball match on Saturday.

②火柴(n.) He stroke a match to light up the room.

③與….相配 The hat matches her dress very well.

6.mine (熟義:pron. 我的)n & v. 采礦, 礦

When a gold mine was discovered in California,there was a gold rush.

在California發現金礦后,人們都去掏金了。

7.miss (熟義:v. 想念) v. 錯過,未擊中,未看見

He shot at the bird but missed. 他打鳥未打中。

He missed the point of my joke. 他沒有聽懂我講的笑話。

N

1.narrow (熟義:adj. 狹窄的) adj. 勉強的,幾乎未成的

He narrowly escaped drowning. 他差點兒淹死

2.nature:

① 自然 (n.) You can get close to nature during holiday.

② 本質 (n.) It`s his nature to be kind to people.

3.notice (熟義:v & n. 注意) n. 布告;通知

He received two month’s notice to leave the job. 他收到兩個月后解雇的通知。

O

1.once (熟義:adv. 曾經,一度) conj. 一旦

Once you understand this rule, you will have no further difficulty. 一旦明白了這條規則,就再也沒有困難了。

2.operate (熟義:v. 動手術) v. 操作,操縱;管理 ,經營

He operates the lift. 他是開電梯的。

They operate three factories and a huge warehouse. 他們管著三家工廠和一個大倉庫。

3.order (熟義:n & v. 命令) n.次序;秩序/點菜 n & v.訂購

Some teachers find it difficult to keep order in their classes. 有些老師覺得課堂秩序很難維持。

We ordered two glasses of milk and some bread.

P

1.park (熟義:n. 公園) v. 停車;(暫時)留下(某人),寄存(某物)

Your car is very badly parked. 你的汽車停放得不好。

Park yourself in that chair while I make you a cup of tea. 你坐在那張椅子上,我給你沏茶去。

2.passage (熟義:n. 段落,節) n. 通道,走廊;旅費

They forced a passage through the crowd. 他們在人群中擠出一條路。

3.plant (熟義:n&v. 植物;種植) n. 工廠

How much steel can be made in the steel plant?這鋼鐵廠能產鋼多少?

4.position (熟義:n. 位置) n. 職位,工作;立場,觀點

He applied for the position of assistant manager. 他申請副經理一職。

5.pretty (熟義:adj. 漂亮的,可愛的) adv. 相當

She seemed pretty satisfied with the result. 她對那結果似乎相當滿意。

6.promise (熟義:v. 答應;諾言) v. 有希望

It promises to be warm this afternoon. 今天下午可望轉暖。

There’s plenty of room for improvement in your work. 你的工作還有很多改進的余地。

7.perform:

① 表演(vt.) They are performing the play The Merchant of Venice.

② 表現(vi) He performed well in the contest.

8.present:

① 禮物 (n.) He sent me a present for my birthday.

② 在場的、出席的(adj.)There were 200 people present at the meeting.

③ 目前,當前(n.)I am afraid I can`t help you at present----I am too busy

④ 提出、介紹(vt.) He presented his report to the manager when he finished it

9.power:

① 力量 (n.) It`s beyond my power to do this.

② 動力(n.) wind power

③ 權利(n.)

10.place:

① 地方(n.) Qingdao is a good place to live in.

② 放置(vt.) When he came in,he placed his bag on the table.

11.point:

① 指(出)(vi.) The clock hands pointed to twelve.

② 點(n.) Two point six 2.6

③要點、論點(n.) Let`s stop discussing the useless problem and come to the point.

R

1.race:

① 競賽(n.) a horse-race

② 種族(n.) people of mixed race

2.raise:

① 提高、舉起(vt.) Raise your voice to make yourself heard.

② 飼養;撫養(vt.) My mother raised pigs at the countryside.

③ 籌集;集資(vt.) The man raised money to build a primary school..

3.room (熟義:n. 房間 )n. 空間

There is no room for so many people.

4.rough:

① 粗糙的(adj.)Touch the ball and tell me whether it is rough or smooth.

②艱辛的(adj.)Life is rough.

5.run (熟義:v. 跑,行駛 )v. 經營,管理;

He has no idea of how to run a successful business. 他不知道把企業辦好的方法。

6.regular:

① 規則的(adj.)The man does regular exercise to keep fit.

② 定期的、定時的(adj.)He goes to work by regular bus.

③ 照例的、經常的(adj.)Mary is a regular customer in the shop.

7.realize:

① 認識到(vt.) Only then did I realize I was wrong.

② 實現(vt.) He realized his dream of being a doctor.

S

1.save:

① 拯救、救(vt.)He jumped into water and saved the drowning man.

② 節約(vt.) Save water,please.

③ 儲蓄(vt.) The girl saves some money for travel.

2.serve:

① 服務、服役(vt.) He served in the army during the war.

② 供(某人)飯菜、上菜(vt.) Learn to serve at table.

3.see (熟義:v. 看見 )v. 見證

The year 2004 saw the improvement of human rights in China. 2004年見證了中國人權的進步。

4.sentence (熟義:n. 句子)v. 判決,宣判

He has been sentenced to pay a fine of 1000 pounds. 他被判罰款1000英鎊。

5.separate (熟義:v. 分離,分開)adj. 各自的,獨立的,單獨存在的

We can’t work together any more; I think it’s time we went our separate ways.

我們再也不能在一起工作了,我看得各奔東西了。

6.settle (熟義:v. 定居,穩定,安定 )v. 解決,處理

It’s time you settled your dispute with him. 現在你該跟他把爭端解決了。

7.service

① 服務(n.) The food is good at the hotel,but the service is poor.

②公用事業的業務或工作狀態(n.) a bus/train service

8.since:

① 自從……(以來)I have worked in the company since I graduated from college.

② 既然 Since you like the car,why don`t you buy it?

9.suggest (熟義:v. 建議,提議 ) v. 暗示,表明

His cool response suggested that he didn’t like the idea. 他反應冷淡表明他并不喜歡這個主意。

10.stage:

① 舞臺(n.) be/go on the stage 登臺表演

② 階段(n.) at an early stage in our history 在我們歷史發展的早期

11.spare:

① 業余的(adj.) I collect stamps in my spare time.

② 多余的(adj.)I have no spare money this month.

③ 撥出,勻出(vt.) Can you spare me some time?

④ 過剩,有余(vt.) spare no effort to do sth 不遺余力做某事

12.stand:

① 站 (vi) She stood there for two hours.

② 忍受(vt.) I can`t stand you.

③ 架(n.) a hat/coat stand

④ 攤(n.) a market stand

13.still

① 仍然、還(adv.) He is still a child,don`t scold him too much.

② 靜的,不動的(adj.)Please keep still while I take your photograph.

14.sign:

① 符號、招牌(n.) Can you see that traffic sign?it says “Slow down.”

② 簽名、簽字(vt.) Sign your name here.

15.study:

① 學習,研究 (n.) The little boy is fond of study.

② 學習,研究vt..) I am studying how to swim.

16.should:

① 應該 You should clean your classroom every day.

② 竟然 I can`t believe that he should speak to his parents like that.

17.spring:

① 春天(n.) The weather is warm in spring.

②泉水(n.) a hot spring 溫泉

18.sense:

① 感覺 (n.) The blind have a keen sense of hearing.

② 意識 (n.) comman sense

19.some:

① 一些 Give me some paper,please.

② 某一 (在單數可數名詞之前)Some Mr.Smith is waiting for you.

20.support:

① 支持(vt./n.) The chair can`t suport you two---you are too heavy.

② 贍養(vt.) He has a big family to suport.

21.strike (struck、struck)

① 打、擊、敲(vt.) The stone struck me on the head.

② 襲擊、攻擊(vt.) A heavy storm struck the village.

③ 罷工(n.) a strike by bus drivers be/go on strike 舉行罷工

22.state:

① 國家、州(n.) There are fifty states in America.

② 狀態 (n.) The old man is in a poor state of health.

③ 陳述、闡述(vt.)He stated his view the medicine could be used in curing cancer.

T

1.tell (熟義:v. 告訴) v. 講述,分辨,判斷,確定

Who can tell which is right and which is wrong. 誰能判斷那個對那個錯。

2.touch (熟義:v. 接觸,碰;感動 )n. 聯系

Our head office can put you in touch with a branch in your area.

我們總公司可安排你與當地分公司取得聯系。

3.turn (熟義:v. 轉變 )v. 達到或超過(某年齡或時間) n. 依次,輪流

She turned forty last june. 她在剛過去的六月滿四十歲。

Whose turn is it to do the washing-up? 輪到誰刷鍋洗碗了?

4.train:

① 訓練(vt.) He was trained as a engineer.

② 火車(一列)(n.) I went home by train last week.

5.though:

① 雖然 (連詞)She came to help me,though she was very busy.

② 可是 (副詞)She promised to call,I heard nothing ,though.

6.treat:

① 對待(vt.) The woman treats the baby as her own child.

② 治療(vt.)She was treated for sunstroke.(中暑)

W

1.watch (熟義:v. 觀看 n. 手表 )v. 留心;注意

We will have to watch the children in case they get too tired.

我們得照看著孩子,別讓他們太累了。

2.when (熟義:conj. 當…時候)conj. 那時突然;既然,考慮到

I was about to leave when it began to rain. 我正想要離開,突然下起雨來。

3.while (熟義:conj. 當… 時候 )conj. 然而;盡管,雖然

I drink black coffee while he prefers it with cream. 我愛喝清咖啡而他喜歡加奶油的。

While I admit that there are problems, I don’t agree that they cannot be solved.

盡管我承認有問題存在,但我沒說這些問題不能解決。

4.wonder (熟義:v. 想知道)v. 感到驚奇,驚嘆

We wondered at the speed with which it arrived. 我們贊嘆其到達速度之快。

5.word (熟義:n. 單詞,話 )n. 消息(不可數名詞)

Word came that I was needed at home. 有信兒來說家里需要我。

6.would:

① 表示過去將來時 He would attend the meeting if he had time.

② 過去常常 The old woman would ordered a cup of tea every time she came to the resturant.

③ 愿意 I would like to invite you to my house this week.

7.will

① 將(一般將來時)I will stay at home if it rains .

② 意志(品質)(n.) The old woman has a strong will.

③ 愿望(n.)against one`s will違反某人的意愿

8.well

①好地(adv) He can play football very well.

②井(n.) The water in the well is very cool.

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